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TENEDOS
Part of the Venetian fortress on Bozcaada island

Imbros (Turkish Gökçeada or Imroz, Greek Imvros) and Tenedos (Turkish Bozcaada; Greek Tenedhos) are two islands in the Aegean Sea which are part of Çanakkale Province in Turkey.

 

According to Greek mythology, the name "Tenedos" is derived from the eponymous hero Tenes, who ruled the island at the time of the Trojan War and was killed by Achilles. In Virgil's The Aeneid, Tenedos is described as the island in whose bay the Achaeans hid their fleet near the end of the Trojan War in order to trick the Trojans into believing the war was over and allowing the Trojans to take the Trojan Horse within their city walls.

Tenedos, which is closer to the Asian mainland, had been ethnically divided between Greeks and Turks since the 14th century, and the division had been more or less equal when counts had been taken.

Because of their strategic position near the Dardanelles, the western powers, particularly Britain, insisted at the end of the Balkan Wars in 1913 that the islands should be retained by the Ottoman Empire when the other Aegean islands were ceded to Greece.

In 1920 the Treaty of Sevres following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire granted the island to Greece. After the Greco-Turkish War which led to the Greek defeat in Asia Minor the western powers conceded that the island should become part of the Turkish state in the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923. This treaty guaranteed guaranteed a special administrative status to the island, and excluded it from the population exchange that took place between Greece and Turkey due to the presence of a minority group (the Greeks, who made up most of the population of the island).

After the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne, the situation of the Greeks of  Tenedos deteriorated, due to policies by the Turkish government which some Greeks argue were contrary to the terms of the treaty.[citation needed] In the 1960s, Greek property was expropriated and a large number of mainland Turks settled on the island. Most of the Greek residents of the islands emigrated.

Bozcaada / Tenedos has a population of about 2,500. The main industries of the islands are fishing and tourism. The grapes, wines and red poppies of Tenedos have been famous for centuries. The population is mostly Turkish but there are still about 30 on Bozcaada/Tenedos.